The name stainless steel is known as a group of 200 alloys of steel with remarkable heat and corrosion resistance properties. It is an alloy or iron, which is why it may also be known as inox steel or inox. It contains 10.5% chromium that improves its corrosion resistance and strength. Having its excellent corrosion resistance, high strength and attractive appearance, stainless steel sees a wide range of uses across both industrial and consumer markets. Stainless steel metal is formed when the raw materials of nickel, iron ore, chromium, silicon, molybdenum and others are melted together. It contains a variety of basic chemical elements that, when fused together, create a powerful alloy. The other additives it gives a passive oxide layer that resists the formation of rust and creates a shiny reflective surface. The shiny surface of stainless steel is very difficult to tarnish compared to plain steel, hence why it is called “stainless” steel.

Different proportions of stainless steel elements determine the type of stainless steel. The ratio of iron to other materials affects how strong the protective oxide layer is, how resistant the metal is to specific corrosives, and a few other mechanical properties (hardness, melting point, shear modulus, etc). Ordinary steel readily corrodes, rusts and stains when it comes in contact with water or any other corrosive media. However, stainless steel does not corrode unless it is put into a low oxygen, high salinity and poor air circulation environment.

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