Carbon steel is a metal that has a wide range of commercial and consumer applications. The most abundant materials in steel are iron and carbon. Since pure iron is not particularly strong or hard by itself, the addition of carbon contributes to the steel’s incredible strength.
A Brief Overview of Carbon Steel Plates
Carbon steel (CS) is a type of steel that, as it’s name implies, contains a higher concentration of carbon than other steels. The carbon composition can be as high as 2.1 percent, which is the highest amount of carbon material that can contain while still being classified as steel. Carbon steel plates are classified into three types based on the amount of carbon added to the iron during the production process. They are as follows:
- LOW CS Plates- The carbon composition of these steel plates range approximately from 0.06% to 0.25%. They are also referred to as mild steel plates.
- MEDIUM CS Plates- Carbon content varies between 0.25% and 0.55% in medium carbon steel plates.
- HIGH CS Plates- High carbon steel plates have a carbon content of 0.55% or more.
Uses of Carbon Steel Plates –
- Utilized in construction projects including bridges, ships, commercial structures, etc.
- Used in designing vessels, boilers, and heat containers
- Used in oil and gas industry
- Used for building oil and gas tanks, storage tanks, water tanks, etc.
- Making gears, screws, bolts, and other components
Advantages of Carbon Steel Plates –
- INCREASED STRENGTH – The use of steel with high carbon content alters its properties. It gets stronger and harder, to be more precise. As a result, high-carbon steel plates are used in the manufacturing of many swords, knives, and other bladed firearms as it is stronger.
- ECONOMICAL – Compared to other metals, carbon steel plates can be rendered very thin for many applications. Carbon steel plates are mostly composed of relatively affordable iron and carbon elements. As a result, these plates are both cost-effective and economical.
- SAFE – Carbon steel plates are safe to handle and work with when compared to many other materials. It’s also a good material for making fire, hurricane, and earthquake, etc. resistant homes.
- SHOCK RESISTANT – Carbon steel plates are resistant to shock. As a result, it’s a popular choice for construction, piping, and road support.
- ECO-FRIENDLY – Carbon steel plates are easy to recycle compared to many other materials, making them environmentally friendly.
Disadvantages of Carbon Steel Plates –
- BRITTLE – High Carbon Steel plates are of low tensile strength, they are not suitable for any type of welding or welding job. Because of its extra brittleness, this type of steel is the most likely to crack or break out of all the widely used steel forms.
- DIFFICULT TO WORK WITH – The higher carbon content, the lower it’s ductility. Medium/High carbon steel plates are less ductile, which means they can withstand less strain before breaking. Non-ductile materials don’t bend or stretch as much as ductile materials do; instead, they snap.
- MORE PRONE TO RUST AND CORROSION – Low Carbon steel plates rust because it lacks the corrosion-resistant properties of its stainless steel counterpart. Added chromium in stainless steel makes it more corrosion-resistant carbon steel plates do not typically have enough chromium to form a chromium oxide layer which protects the rest of the material from degradation and corrosion. Hence, such carbon steel plates may rust and corrode when exposed to moisture.